We understand that being able to complete a sleep study in your own home may be more comfortable and convenient, so for some patients we may schedule a home sleep study. These studies are typically used to diagnose mild to moderate cases of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). If your health care provider believes you may have moderate to severe OSA, you may be asked to complete an in-lab sleep study. Once we have been able to gather enough information, we will work with you to design and implement a sleep management program.
What is home sleep testing?
Home sleep testing (HST) is a sleep study program that takes place in the comfort of your own home. You will have equipment that collects and records information regarding your breathing while you sleep.
What is the purpose of HST?
The home sleep studies are usually used to diagnose OSA. When the muscles of the throat relax during sleep, the airway collapses preventing air from getting into your lungs. When this happens, you are unable to maintain the level of oxygen in your blood.
What are signs of OSA?
- Gasping for air or choking during sleep
- Daytime tiredness or sleepiness, despite having a full night of sleep
- Frequent or loud snoring
What are the risks of untreated OSA?
Untreated OSA is associated with medical issues such as diabetes and heart disease. Other risks include high blood pressure, depression, and poor concentration.
How is home sleep testing different from an in-lab sleep study?
A home sleep study takes place in your home and uses different equipment that you set up yourself. With an in-lab sleep study, you sleep in a lab and there is usually a technologist present to help monitor your physiological signals during the night.
Do I need HST?
HST is primarily used to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Other sleep disorders may be better evaluated in a laboratory. You should not have HST if you are not a high risk for OSA, your health care provider thinks you may have another sleep disorder, or if you have certain medical disorders.
How do I set up the HST equipment?
You will be given instructions on how to properly attach the sensors and use the device that monitors your breathing through the night. Please be sure to ask questions if you are unclear or if you don’t understand.
How should I prepare for the HST?
Please visit our Sleep Study Preparation page to learn more about what you should do the day of the HST.
What happens after the test?
When you wake up, you will remove the sensors and return the device or send it back through the mail. A sleep specialist will review the information collected during your sleep, and your health care professional will discuss the results with you. Based on the results, you may need an in-lab sleep study for further testing.
How is OSA treated?
If you are diagnosed with OSA after your HST, your health care provider will discuss treatment options with you. Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy, is the most common treatment. Mild to moderate OSA may be treated with oral appliances, which are worn over your teeth while you sleep.